Canada is renowned for its vast and beautiful natural landscapes and expansive forests. Canada is home to some of the most extensive forests in the world, accounting for 10% of the total global forest cover. These forests are essential for their ecological value and the many economic and social benefits they provide.
Fact: Canada accounts for 10% of the world’s forest cover.
- Canada’s forests cover over 347 million hectares (857 million acres), making it the third-largest forested country in the world after Russia and Brazil. The country’s forested areas span all of its provinces and territories, from the boreal forests of the north to the temperate rainforests of the west coast.
- Canada’s forests are home to a rich diversity of plant and animal species, many unique. They also play a critical role in regulating the Earth’s climate, absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and releasing oxygen. Additionally, Canada’s forests are a vital source of natural resources, including timber, pulp, and paper, and non-timber forest products such as berries, mushrooms, and medicinal plants.
- The Canadian forestry industry is vital to the country’s economy, providing jobs and generating billions of dollars in revenue annually. However, there are also concerns about the sustainability of forestry practices, particularly in light of the impacts of climate change and the need to preserve biodiversity and protect Indigenous rights.
Did you know about the forests in Canada?
- British Columbia – Home to the temperate rainforest, British Columbia has some of the world’s largest and most ecologically diverse forests. The province is known for its old-growth trees and wildlife, such as grizzly bears, wolves, and salmon.
- Alberta – While Alberta is known for its oil and gas industry, it also has large areas of boreal forest that are important for biodiversity and carbon storage. The province has been working on developing sustainable forestry practices in recent years.
- Saskatchewan – Most of Saskatchewan’s forests are located in the north of the province, providing essential habitats for species such as moose, black bears, and wolves. The province has been actively managing its forests to promote sustainable resource use and biodiversity.
- Manitoba – With over 80% of its land area covered in forests, Manitoba significantly contributes to Canada’s total forest cover. The province’s forests are essential for wildlife habitat, recreation, and producing forest products such as timber and paper.
- Ontario – Ontario has a mix of boreal and deciduous forests, with the most significant areas of forest located in the north of the province. The forests are important for wildlife habitat, recreation, and the production of forest products.
- Quebec – As one of the largest forested regions in the world, Quebec’s forests are a significant source of natural resources such as timber, pulp and paper, and biomass. The province’s forests are also home to a rich diversity of plant and animal species, many unique to the region.
- New Brunswick – New Brunswick’s forests are an essential economic and ecological resource, providing jobs and habitat for wildlife such as moose and black bears. The province has been working to promote sustainable forestry practices in recent years.
- Nova Scotia – While Nova Scotia has a smaller forest area than other provinces, its forests are important for biodiversity and producing forest products such as pulp and paper. The province is also home to several species of endangered plants and animals.
- Prince Edward Island – Although Prince Edward Island has a small amount of forest cover, it is still an essential resource for the province. The forests provide a habitat for wildlife and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors.
- Newfoundland and Labrador – With a mix of boreal and temperate forests, Newfoundland and Labrador’s forests are necessary for wildlife habitat and producing forest products such as lumber and paper. The province has also been working on sustainable forestry practices to protect its forests for future generations.
Canada’s forests are vital to the country’s natural heritage and provide numerous ecological, economic, and social benefits. While there are challenges to maintaining the health and sustainability of these forests, ongoing efforts to promote responsible forestry practices and protect biodiversity will be crucial in ensuring their continued existence for future generations.
- Natural Resources Canada
- Canadian Forest Service
- Forest Stewardship Council
- Canadian Forest Service
- Provincial government websites